Kami-nidan (upper two rows) verbs
There are many verbs in classical Japanese that conjugate like ochiru, "to fall".
So how can we recognize these verbs? Usually, if the modern derivative of
a classical Japanese verb has a stem ending in i then it belongs
to this conjugation pattern. There are, however, some exceptions, notably
the ten verbs that belong to the kami ichidan (upper one row) class: miru : to see; kiru : to arrive; niru : to resemble; iru : to shoot; mochiwiru : to use; hiru : to get dry; iru : to cast (metal); wiru or hikiwiru : to lead, to command (troops); and wiru : to exist.
|mizenkei ||ochi- ||ochizu|
|renyoukei ||ochi- ||ochitari|
|shuushikei ||otsu- ||otsu|
|rentaikei ||otsuru- ||otsuru mono|
|izenkei ||otsure- ||otsuredomo|
|meireikei ||ochiyo ||ochiyo!|
The kami ichidan pattern is given below, taking miru for example:
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|mizenkei ||mi- ||mizu|
|renyoukei ||mi- ||mitari|
|shuushikei ||miru- ||miru|
|rentaikei ||miru- ||miru mono|
|izenkei ||mire- ||miredomo|
|meireikei ||miyo ||miyo!|